Children's rights in Afghanistan

Afghanistan ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) in March 1994. Afghanistan's first report to the Committee on Rights of the Child was one of seven periodic reports assessed in January 2011.

Documents from the Committee's 56th session can be found here: http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/treatybodyexternal/SessionDetails1.aspx?SessionID=378&Lang=en
The Concluding Observations document (CRC/C/AFG/CO/1) is available in English and other languages (A|C|E|F|R|S). The Committee had some concerns regarding implementation and monitoring:

• LEGISLATION: Low implementation due mainly to weak enforcement, a limited level of awareness of the legal norms, widespread corruption and the application by courts of provisions drawn from customary or Sharia law.

Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission:
Nomination procedures may not fully guarantee independence from political influence. Insufficient financial support.

Timeline of Children's Rights in Afghanistan
1990 Soviet-backed government of Afghanistan signs the U.N. Convention on the Rights of the Child.
1992 Fall of the soviet-backed government. Islamic State of Afghanistan established under President Rabbani.
1994 Afghanistan's Islamic government ratifies the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Human rights abuses by fundamentalist warlords continue.
1996 Taliban insurgents seize Kabul and establish a fundamentalist Islamic regime.
2001 Invasion by the U.S. military and its allies. Taliban removed from power. In December 2001, the Bonn Agreement established an Afghan Interim Authority, followed by a two-year Transitional Authority.
2004 New Constitution. Presidential election. Hamid Karzai declared President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. In November 2004, children presented the Vice President with a Children's Manifesto of their hopes and demands at a ceremony in Kabul.
2005 Parliamentary elections. The Constitution reserved 25% of the seats for women. The youngest person elected was 27-year-old Malalai Joya, co-founder of an orphanage. She was later suspended for criticizing the human rights record of notorious warlords who had obtained seats in parliament.
2009 Afghanistan's initial report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child is submitted for assessment.

Child Rights Situation Analysis in Afghanistan, 2011

In 2011, Save the Children Sweden commissioned the Nordic Consulting Group to conduct a Child Rights Situation Analysis (CRSA) in Afghanistan. The 78-page report is available as a PDF document: http://www.ncg.no/index.asp?id=35037

How kids are treated in Afghanistan

• In 2010, the New York Times published a feature titled: "Afghan Equality and Law, but With Strings Attached".

• In 2011, the San Francisco Chronicle published a feature titled: "How kids are treated in Afghanistan - no rights".

There have also been abuses of children by U.S. forces in Afghanistan. In 2004, Human Rights Watch published a comprehensive report titled: "Enduring Freedom" - Abuses by U.S. Forces in Afghanistan. A case is presented in which U.S. troops assaulted two children during a raid on a civilian house. The owner of the house told HRW:

"In front of my eyes, two Americans laid down both the boys on the ground and pressed their boots into the children's backs. And they were yelling: “Where is the ammunition? Where is the ammunition?” "